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精品推荐:藏传唐卡

2022-05-04 16:33       来源:网络      
摘要:

【藏品名称】:藏传唐卡

[collection name]: Tibetan Thangka

【藏品数量】:一幅

[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品规格】:106*65cm长度和宽度

[collection Specification]: 106 * 65cm length and width

【藏品简介】:唐卡也叫唐嘎,唐喀,系藏文,指画在纸上或者布上,经过彩缎织物装裱之后的宗教卷轴画。早年间,因藏民过着游牧生活,居无定所,仅靠固定的寺庙,无法满足众多迁徙不定的信徒的宗教生活需求。于是画在唐卡上的佛像,作为移动的宗教圣物,代替了寺庙中的塑像和墙上的壁画,成为藏民们可以随身携带、祭拜的崇拜物。藏民们只要将裹成一卷的唐卡铺展开来,系挂在帐篷里祈祷、礼拜,就能有一种精神寄托。

[collection introduction]: Tangka, also known as tangga and Tangka, is a Tibetan language. It refers to religious scroll paintings painted on paper or cloth and framed with colored satin fabric. In the early years, because Tibetans lived a nomadic life and had no fixed place to live, fixed temples alone could not meet the religious needs of many believers who migrated indefinitely. Therefore, the Buddha statues painted on the Thangka, as a moving religious relic, replaced the statues in the temple and the murals on the wall, and became an object of worship that Tibetans can carry and worship. Tibetans can have a spiritual sustenance as long as they spread out the Tangka wrapped in a roll and hang it in tents for prayer and worship.

 

因为作画时间长再加上画唐卡的很多的颜料都是矿物颜料含有一些毒素,很多画师在50岁左右的时候身体和视力就不是太好了,所以一名优秀的画师一生当中其实画不了几副唐卡。当然唐卡也不是一位只有绘画功底的画师随随便便就能画出来的,而是有一定要求的,这个要求不单单是对绘画技巧的熟练,更重要的是画师本人对藏传佛学的深刻理解,以及对每一副圣象的敬畏之心。

Because of the long painting time and the fact that many of the pigments used in Thangka painting are mineral pigments and contain some toxins, many painters are not very good in body and vision when they are about 50 years old, so an excellent painter can't draw a few Thangka in his life. Of course, thangka is not a painter with only painting skills who can draw casually, but has certain requirements. This requirement is not only the proficiency of painting skills, but also the painter's deep understanding of Tibetan Buddhism and the respect and fear of every holy image.

画师依靠几十年如一日的唐卡绘画功底在运用细致入微完成传神的开脸,所以对于画师来说,一副唐卡就是一场修行,再加上画师在做画的时候所用的颜料传统上都是采用金银、珍珠、玛瑙、珊瑚、松石、孔雀石、朱砂等珍贵的矿物宝石,还有藏红花,雄黄、蓝靛等植物原料,所以这些天然的颜料就保证了唐卡的色泽的鲜艳璀璨夺目。

Painters rely on decades of Tangka painting skills to complete the vivid opening of the face with meticulous care. Therefore, for painters, a pair of Tangka is a practice. In addition, the pigments used by painters in painting are traditionally precious mineral stones such as gold and silver, pearls, agate, coral, pine stone, malachite and cinnabar, as well as plant raw materials such as saffron, realgar and indigo, Therefore, these natural pigments ensure the bright and dazzling color of Thangka.

 

在中国古代艺术品拍卖当中,最高的拍卖记录就是唐卡创下的3,48亿港币,而这副唐卡的名字叫做《明永乐御制红颜魔笛刺绣唐卡》。在2014年11月26日的时候,上海龙美术馆馆主刘易谦,以3.48亿港币拍下的,它也被称之为“唐卡之王”。这幅藏传唐卡虽然说经过岁月的洗礼,但是它依然可以色泽艳丽地展现在我们面前,所以唐卡就被誉为我们中华民族绘画艺术的珍品,也被称为藏族的百科全书,当然它也是非物质文化遗产,所以最贵的卡就是唐卡。善缘所获意义殊胜不可思议。时至今日,唐卡艺术不仅仅是一种绘画艺术, 它也在不断的发展和传承当中,不断的展现着它的魅力,成为了我们中国西藏,最具浓郁特色的一种古老的艺术,我们当代人应该传播它,让更多的人知道并了解。

In the auction of ancient Chinese works of art, the highest auction record is the HK $348 million set by Thangka, and the name of this pair of thangka is called "Ming Yongle royal red magic flute embroidery Thangka". On November 26, 2014, Liu Yiqian, the owner of Shanghai Dragon Art Museum, photographed it for HK $348 million. It is also known as the "king of Thangka". Although this Tibetan Thangka is said to have been baptized by years, it can still be displayed in gorgeous color in front of us. Therefore, thangka is known as the treasure of Chinese painting art and the Encyclopedia of Tibetans. Of course, it is also an intangible cultural heritage. The most expensive thangka is Thangka. The significance of good luck is incredible. Today, Thangka art is not only a painting art, but also in continuous development and inheritance. It continues to show its charm and has become an ancient art with the strongest characteristics in Tibet, China. We contemporary people should spread it and let more people know and understand it.

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